Do you want to know the buzz behind the therapeutic benefits of cannabis? Or have you ever heard people discussing minuscules phytochemicals of the cannabis plant? Cannabis Terpenes are tiny phytochemicals responsible for the aroma and flavor of cannabis products. Not only the fragrance and aromatherapy they advocate, but terpenes also enhance the potential benefits of cannabis.
People talk about cannabis entourage effects, but what does it mean? The entourage effects of cannabis are becoming increasingly popular due to unique chemical compounds, terpenes that impart invigorating scents and tantalizing tastes.
A person can experience the unique aroma of each terpene with its consumption. Thanks to terpenes for all the cannabis flavors you know and love. But terpenes do more than you think. It can support the other cannabinoids of the cannabis plant to produce physiological and cerebral effects.
Terpenes are a critical part of the cannabis puzzle!
What Are Cannabis Terpenes?
Terpenes are a large class of molecules produced by plant species like Cannabis Sativa, citrus fruits, and conifers. The cannabis plant contains more than 200 natural terpenes, each of them have unique characteristics, scent, and potential benefits.
Each cannabis strain has its specific terpene profile. For example, strain with the name lemon carries a large number of limonene terpenes.
Some people use the terms terpenes and terpenoids interchangeably. Terpenes are hydrocarbons, while terpenoids have been denatured by oxidation.
How Cannabis Terpenes Interacts With Our Body?
Cannabis terpenes work in myriad ways. Aside from imparting invigorating scents, these tiny molecules determine the role of each cannabis strain. Furthermore, Terpene work with cannabinoids to enhance the effects of cannabis.
These two families of the molecule together produce the entourage effects. For example, limonene, caryophyllene, and pinene work side by side with THC to produce potential health and wellness benefits. Similarly, linalool has a synergetic relationship with CBD.
Types of Terpenes:
You can find numerous terpenes in the world, while the cannabis plant contains 200 terpenes alone. Here is the list of primary terpenes.
The terpenes with herbal musky aroma found in the large quantities in the cannabis plant are Myrcene.
- Effects – quickens the efficacy of cannabinoids, analgesics, antioxidants, muscle relaxing
- Other sources – wild thyme, hops, lemongrass, mango, cardamom
The limonene terpenes have a characteristic citrusy aroma and are often found in fruit rinds.
- Effects – uplifting, relaxing, anti-fungal, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, relieve anxiety
- Other sources – citrus fruits, rosemary, coniferous tree
The caryophyllene terpenes act as cannabinoids and bind with brain receptors. Also, it acts as an antioxidant. The aroma of caryophyllene is spicy and peppery.
- Effects – anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, relaxing, neuroprotective, antimalarial, protect stomach cells
- Other sources – cloves, rosemary, hops
It has a complex piny herbal scent and is used in perfumes.
- Effects – reduce anxiety, sedative, and anti-inflammatory
- Other sources – allspice, parsnip, apple, sage
One of the most abundant terpenes in nature with a piney aroma is pinene. Also, It is present in various plants.
- Effects – antiseptic, antimicrobial, alleviate anxiety
- Other sources – pine, basil, parsley, coniferous tree resin
Humulene’s characteristic herbal scent is behind the hoppy aroma of beer.
- Effects – appetite suppressor, antibacterial
- Other sources – hop, coriander, basil
One of the primary terpene in lavender with a strong floral aroma is linalool.
- Effects – pain-relieving, reduce anxiety, sedative, relaxing
- Other sources – mint, cinnamon
The Difference Between Cannabinoids & Terpenes:
The cannabis plant produces various unique classes of chemicals such as cannabinoids & terpenes. The cannabinoids are exclusively found in weed plants, while terpenes are present in other plants too. Cannabinoids underpin numerous effects, from psychoactive to non-psychoactive.
The two primary cannabinoids CBD & THC, promises various health benefits. CBD & THC interacts with the endocannabinoid system of the body and binds with cannabinoid receptors, while terpenes interface with different receptors.
However, some phytochemicals are classified as both terpenes and cannabinoids such as Caryophyllene. It can bind with CB2 receptors of the endocannabinoid receptors and also have peppery & earthy scents.
Do Cannabis Terpenes Get You High?
Before using any cannabis product, people want to know whether or not they have head-high effects. Unlike THC, terpenes do not have psychoactive effects. However, they work subtly and interacts with Serotonin & dopamine to alter the mood.
Also, these molecules influence the high generated by other cannabinoids. For example, limonene terpene serves as a refresher and stimulator. In contrast, myrcene provides relaxing and stoning effects.
Will Cannabis Terpenes Shows Up On a Drug Test?
Nope! Terpenes are as safe as CBD. Also, the terpenes are present everywhere and you may ingest plenty of terpenes each day. You are introducing terpenes with each sip of your favorite orange juice.
Cannabis product manufacturers are adding terpenes into their products for aroma and potential benefits. One of the most effective ways to ingest terpenes is smoking and vaping. Every hit of cannabis flower and extract delivers unique terpene that pass into the bloodstream.